The coreine spermatheca: morphological structure and terminology (Heteroptera: Coreidae: Coreinae)


  • Dominique Pluot-Sigwalt Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle,
  • Pierre Moulet Museum Requien, Histoire naturelle


Palabras clave:

Coreidae, Coreinae, spermatheca, morphology, terminology


In order to introduce a forthcoming paper devoted to the different types of spermatheca within the Coreidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera), the morphology of the cuticular parts of the coreine spermatheca is here described in detail and illustrated through the example of Coreus marginatus (Linnaeus, 1758), the type species of the type genus of the Coreinae, the subfamily comprising the majority of coreid bugs. Definition and terminology are given for the three morphologically and functionally distinct parts of the organ: (1) the apical seminal receptacle (sperm storage chamber) covered with the efferent ductules of the numerous glandular units forming the spermathecal gland; (2) the intermediate part (muscular pump apparatus) and its own distinct regions, distal, middle and proximal; (3) the spermathecal duct, either simple or with differentiated part along its length. Main variations of these different parts within the Coreinae are mentioned. The presence of two vaginal structures often associated with the coreid spermatheca is also briefly mentioned: the sclerotized ring encircling the parieto-vaginal gland and the fecundation groove.


Ahmad, I. 1970. Some aspects of the female genitalia of

Hygia Uhler 1861 (Coreidae: Colpurinae) and their

bearing on classification. Pakistan Journal of Zoology,

(2): 235-243.

Brailovsky, H. 1985. Revisión del género Anasa Amyot &

Serville (Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Coreidae, Coreinae,

Coreini). Monographia del Instituto de Biologia, no. 2,

UNAM, Mexico, D.F.

Brailovsky, H. 1987. Revisión del género Sundarus Amyot

& Serville (Hemiptera, Coreidae, Coreini) para el

continente americano. Anales del Instituto de Biología,

UNAM, 58, serie Zoología (2): 561-622.

Brailovsky, H. 1988. Dos nuevas especies del género

Sethenira Spinola y nuevos arreglos nomenclatoriales

dentro de Acidomeria Stål (Hemiptera, Heteroptera,

Coreidae, Coreini). Anales del Instituto de Biología,

UNAM, 58, serie Zoología (1): 179-198.

Brailovsky, H. 1990. Revisión del complejo Althos con

descriptión de géneros nuevos y especias nuevas

(Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Coreidae, Coreini).

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México,

Publicaciones especiales 5, Mexico, D.F.

Brailovsky, H. 1994. A new genus and four new species

of Colpurini (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Coreidae from

New Guinea. Journal of the New York Entomological

Society, 102(2): 142-153.

Brailovsky, H. 1995. Description of three new species of

Heisshygia Brailovsky from New Guinea (Hemiptera,

Heteroptera, Coreidae, Colpurini). Journal of the NewYork

Entomological Society, 103: 364-373.

Brailovsky, H. 1996. A revision of the tribe Colpurini

(Heteroptera, Coreidae) from the Fiji islands.

Proceedings of the Entomological Society of

Washington, 98: 473-490.

Brailovsky, H. 1997. Sibuyanhygia, a new genus of

Colpurini from the Philippine Republic, with description

of three new species (Heteroptera: Coreidae). Pan

Pacific Entomology, 73(2): 70-78

Brailovsky, H. 1998. The genus Typhlocolpura Breddin

with the description of three new species and a new

genus (Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Coreidae, Colpurini).

Pan-Pacific Entomology, 74(2): 61-84.

Brailovsky, H. 2000. A revision of the tribe Colpurini

(Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Coreidae) from Sulawesi.

Transactions of the American Entomological Society,

(2): 175-220.

Brailovsky, H. y E. Barrera 1986. El género Himella Dallas

con descripción de dos especies nuevas (Hemiptera,

Heteroptera, Coreidae, Nematopodini). Anales del

Instituto de Biología, ser Zool., 56: 423-436.

Brailovsky, H. y E. Barrera 1996. Revisión del complejo

Sciophyrus (Hemiptera: Coreidae:Colpurini). Folia

Entomologica mexicana, 96: 15-106.

Brailovsky, H. & A. Cadena 1992. Revisión del género

Zicca (Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Coreidae, Coreinae,

Coreini). Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México,

Publicaciones especiales 9, Mexico, D.F.

Brailovsky, H., C.W. Schaefer, E. Barrera and R.J.

Packauskas 1994. A revision of the genus Thasus

(Hemiptera, Coreidae, Coreinae, Nematopodini).

The coreine spermatheca: morphological structure and terminology (Heteroptera: Coreidae: Coreinae)

Journal of the New-York Entomological Society, 102: 318-343.

Brailovsky, H. y V. Melendez, 1989. Revisión del género

Sphictyrtus Stål (Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Coreidae,

Coreinae, Coreini). Anales del Instituto de Biología,

UNAM, Mexico, ser Zool., 60(1): 1-76.

Dolling, W.R. 1973. The morphology and systematic

position of Prionotylus Fieber and Centroplax Horváth

(Heteroptera, Coreidae). Journal of Entomology, 42:


Dolling, W.R. 1974. Some Coreidae (Hemiptera) from New

Guinea with the ovipositor partially reduced. Journal of

Entomology, 43: 45-53.

Dolling, W.R. 1979. A revision of the African pod bugs

of the tribe Clavigrallini (Hemiptera: Coreidae) with a

checklist of the world species. Bulletin of the British

Museum (Natural History), 39(1): 1-84.

Dolling, W.R. 1986. The tribe Pseudophloeini (Hemiptera,

Coreidae) in the Old World tropics with a discussion on

the distribution of the Pseudophloeinae. Bulletin of the

British Museum (Natural History), 53: 151-212.

Dolling, W.R. 1987. A mimetic coreid bug and its relatives

(Hemiptera, Coreidae). Journal of Natural History, 21:


Dolling, W.R. and C.E. Casini 1998. Revision of the

Neotropical genus Nyttum (Hemiptera, Coreidae).

Systematic Entomology, 13: 143-156.

Dupuis, C. 1955. Les genitalia des Hémiptères Hétéroptères

(Genitalia externes des deux sexes; Voies ectodermiques

femelles). Revue de la morphologie. Lexique de la

nomenclature. Index bibliographique analytique.

Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle

(A), Zoologie (N.S.) 6: 183-278.

Dupuis, C. 1970. Heteroptera. In: Tuxen, S.L. (ed.):

Taxonomist’s glossary of genitalia in insects.

Copenhagen: Munksgaard, p. 190–209.

Kumar, R. 1965. Aspects of the morphology of Coreoidea

and their value on its higher classification. Proceedings

of the Royal Society of Queensland, 76: 27-91.

Li, X. 1996. Comparative morphological study of Coreidae

(Heteroptera, Coreoidea) I-III. Zoological Research, 17:

-7, 97-102, 195-202 [in Chinese, English summary)

Livermore, L.J.R., V.A. Lemaître, W.R. Dolling and M.D.

Webb. 2016. Coreoidea Species File Online. Version

0/5.0. Available from: http://Coreoidea.SpeciesFile.

org (accessed 14 January 2017)

Lee, K.Y., C.E. Lee and H.C. Park 1989. A comparative

study on the spermatheca of the Coreidae from Korea

(Heteroptera, Hemiptera). Nature & Life, 19: 7-14.

Moulet, P. 1993. Structures méconnues dans la spermathèque

d’Hétéroptères Coreoidea paléarctiques. Annales de la

Société Entomologique de France, 29: 159-172.

Moulet, P. 1995. Hémiptères Coreoidea euroméditerranéens.

Faune de France, vol. 81: 1-336.

Paris: Fédération Française des Sociétés de Sciences


Packauskas, R. J., 2006. On the re-erection of the tribe

Stenoscelideini Schaefer (Heteroptera, Coreidae,

Coreinae). Denisia 19: 239-242.

Pendergrast J.G. 1957. Studies on the reproductive organs of

the Heteroptera with a consideration on their bearing on

classification. Transactions of the Royal Entomological

Society of London, 109: 1-63.

Pluot, D. 1970. La spermathèque et les voies génitales

femelles des Pyrrhocoridés (Hemiptera). Annales de la

Société Entomologique de France, 6: 777-807.

Pluot-Sigwalt, D. and J.A. Lis J.A. 2008. Morphology of the

spermatheca in the Cydnidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera):

bearing of its diversity on classification and phylogeny.

European Journal of Entomology, 105: 279-312.

Schaefer, C.W. 1964. The morphology and higher

classification of the Coreoidea (Hemiptera,

Heteroptera). Part I & II. Annals of the Entomological

Society of America, 57: 670-684.

Schaefer, C.W. 1965. The morphology and higher

classification of the Coreoidea (Hemiptera,

Heteroptera). Part III: The families Rhopalidae,

Alydidae and Coreidae. Miscellaneous Publications of

the Entomological Society of America, 5: 1-76.

Schaefer, C.W. 1968. The morphology and higher

classification of the Coreoidea (Hemiptera, Heteroptera).

Part IV. The Acanthocephala-group and the position of

Stenoscelidea Weswood (Coreidae). The University

of Connecticut occasional papers (Biological Science

Series), 1(3): 153-199.

Souza, E.A., L.C.O. Lisboa, V.A. Araújo and J.E. Serrão,

Morphology of the spermathecae of Leptoglossus

zonatus (Heteroptera: Coreidae). Annals of the

Entomological Society of America, 109(1): 106-111.

Štys, P. 1962. Morphology of the abdomen and female

ectodermal genitalia of the trichophorous Heteroptera

and bearing on their classification. XI. Internationaler

Kongress für Entomologie, Wien, 17. bis 25. August

, Verhandlungen, 1: 37-43.

Štys, P. 1964. On the morphology and taxonomy of

Agriopocorinae (Heteroptera, Coreidae). Acta Societatis

Entomologicae Cechosloveniae, 61: 25-38.

Van Reenen, J.A. 1976. The Gonocerini of the Ethiopian

region. Part I. Generic and subgeneric status within the

tribe (Heteroptera, Coreidae). Annals of the Transvaal

Museum, 30: 41-52.

Vavřínova I., 1988. Spermathecae of Central European

species of the families Rhopalidae, Alydidae and

Coreidae (Heteroptera, Coreoidea). Acta Musei

Moraviae, Scienciae Naturales, 73: 203-215.

Tsai, J.-F., D. Rédei, G.-F.Yeh and M.-M. Yang. 2011. Jewel

bugs of Taiwan (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae). National

Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan.